Explore the World of Adverb Clause: Pengertian, Rumus, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya



Welcome to our comprehensive guide on adverb clauses! If you’ve ever wondered about the functions and usage of adverb clauses in Indonesian language, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ll delve into the pengertian (definition), rumus (formula), various jenis (types), and provide numerous contoh kalimatnya (example sentences) to help you master the art of using adverb clauses effectively.

Whether you’re a student, educator, or language enthusiast, this article will equip you with essential knowledge and practical examples to enhance your understanding of adverb clauses. So, let’s dive in and explore this fascinating aspect of Indonesian grammar!

1. The Basics: Understanding Adverb Clauses

What is an Adverb Clause?

An adverb clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb within a sentence. It provides additional information about the verb, adjective, or adverb in the main clause. It often begins with a subordinating conjunction, such as “ketika” (when), “sejak” (since), “jika” (if), or “seperti” (like). Adverb clauses can express various meanings, such as time, cause, condition, comparison, concession, purpose, or manner.

How to Form an Adverb Clause?

To form an adverb clause, we need a subject and a verb. The subject of the adverb clause can be different from the subject in the main clause. Additionally, an adverb clause needs a subordinating conjunction to connect it to the main clause. By using the appropriate subordinating conjunction, we can convey the desired meaning and relationship between the clauses.

2. Common Types of Adverb Clauses

Time Adverb Clauses

Time adverb clauses indicate when an action takes place. These clauses typically begin with subordinating conjunctions such as “ketika” (when), “sebelum” (before), “setelah” (after), or “sejak” (since). They provide information about the timing of the action and help create a chronological structure within sentences.

Cause Adverb Clauses

Cause adverb clauses explain the reason behind an action. They start with subordinating conjunctions like “karena” (because), “sebab” (due to), “demi” (for the sake of), or “supaya” (so that). Cause adverb clauses provide answers to “why” questions, helping to clarify the motive or cause behind the main clause.

3. Examples of Adverb Clauses: Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Time Adverb Clauses: Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Pengertian (Definition): Time adverb clauses are dependent clauses that express when an action occurs.

Rumus (Formula): Main Clause + subordinating conjunction + Subject + Verb

Jenis (Types): “ketika” (when), “sebelum” (before), “setelah” (after), “sejak” (since), and more.

Contoh Kalimatnya (Example Sentences):

  1. Ketika saya tiba di bandara, pesawat sudah berangkat. (When I arrived at the airport, the plane had already departed.)
  2. Setelah dia makan malam, dia pergi ke bioskop. (After he had dinner, he went to the cinema.)

Table of Adverb Clause Types

Adverb Clause Type Subordinating Conjunction Example
Time ketika (when) Ketika saya tiba di bandara, pesawat sudah berangkat. (When I arrived at the airport, the plane had already departed.)
Cause karena (because) Saya tidak bisa datang karena sedang sakit. (I can’t come because I’m sick.)
Concession meskipun (although) Meskipun dia capek, dia tetap bekerja keras. (Although he’s tired, he still works hard.)
Condition jika (if) Jika kamu datang, aku akan senang. (If you come, I will be happy.)

Frequently Asked Questions about Adverb Clause: Pengertian, Rumus, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

1. Apa itu adverb clause?

Adverb clause adalah sebuah klausa yang bergantung dan berfungsi sebagai keterangan keterangan dalam sebuah kalimat. Klausa ini memberikan informasi tambahan tentang kata kerja, kata sifat, atau kata keterangan dalam klausa utama. Biasanya dimulai dengan kata penghubung subordinatif, seperti “ketika”, “sejak”, “jika”, atau “seperti”. Adverb clause bisa mengekspresikan berbagai makna, seperti waktu, sebab akibat, kondisi, perbandingan, pengakuan, tujuan, atau cara.

2. Bagaimana cara membentuk adverb clause?

Untuk membentuk adverb clause, kita butuh subjek dan kata kerja. Subjek dalam adverb clause bisa berbeda dengan subjek dalam klausa utama. Selain itu, adverb clause membutuhkan kata penghubung subordinatif untuk menghubungkannya dengan klausa utama. Dengan menggunakan kata penghubung subordinatif yang tepat, kita dapat menyampaikan makna dan hubungan yang diinginkan antara klausa-klausa tersebut.


Congratulations! You have now gained a solid understanding of adverb clauses in Indonesian language. By mastering their definitions, formulas, types, and example sentences, you’ll be able to construct more sophisticated and meaningful sentences. Don’t stop here! Explore our other articles to broaden your knowledge of Indonesian grammar and linguistics.

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