Pengertian Ciri Kalimat Perintah Dan Jenis Jenisnya: Panduan Lengkap


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the definition, characteristics, and types of imperative sentences, known as “Kalimat Perintah” in the Indonesian language. In this article, we will delve into the ins and outs of imperative sentences, providing you with a deeper understanding of their structure, function, and various types.

Whether you’re a language enthusiast, a student, or someone looking to improve your Indonesian language skills, this article will equip you with the knowledge and insights you need to master the art of understanding and constructing imperative sentences.

Definition of Imperative Sentences

Diving into Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences, also known as command sentences, play a vital role in communication. They are used to give orders, commands, or instructions, expressing a sense of authority or urgency. Understanding the characteristics and nuances of imperative sentences is crucial for effective communication in various contexts.

In this section, we will explore the meaning and distinctive features of imperative sentences, allowing you to recognize them confidently in spoken and written Indonesian.

Characteristics of Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences possess certain characteristics that set them apart from other sentence types. By understanding these characteristics, you will be able to identify imperative sentences accurately. Let’s explore the key features of imperative sentences in more detail:

1. Direct command: Imperative sentences straightforwardly convey orders or commands.

2. Verb form: Most imperative sentences begin with a verb, indicating the action to be performed.

Types of Imperative Sentences

Positive Imperative Sentences

Positive imperative sentences are the most common type and are used to give direct commands or instructions. In this section, we will discuss the characteristics and construction of positive imperative sentences and provide examples for better understanding.

1. Single-verb Imperatives: These sentences consist of a verb that commands or orders someone to perform a specific action.

2. Dual-verb Imperatives: Dual-verb imperative sentences involve two verbs that function together to convey a command or instruction. We will explore the structure and usage of dual-verb imperatives in this section.

Negative Imperative Sentences

Negative imperative sentences, as the name suggests, are used to express commands or instructions in a negative form. This section will delve into the characteristics and structure of negative imperative sentences, providing examples to illustrate their usage within the Indonesian language.

1. Prohibition: Negative imperative sentences are often used to prohibit or forbid certain actions. We will explore the construction and key elements of prohibition sentences in this section.

2. Strong Commands: Negative imperative sentences can also be utilized to give strong commands or warnings, urging someone not to perform a particular action. We will discuss the structure and usage of strong command sentences in this section.

Table Breakdown of Imperative Sentence Components

Below is a detailed table breakdown of the key components and elements found in imperative sentences:

Component Explanation
Subject The person or entity receiving the command or instruction.
Verb The action word that conveys the command or instruction.
Adverb An optional part that provides additional information about the action or manner of performing it.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is an imperative sentence?

An imperative sentence is a type of sentence used to give commands or instructions.

2. How do you recognize an imperative sentence?

Imperative sentences typically start with verbs and convey a sense of authority.

3. Are there different types of imperative sentences?

Yes, there are positive imperative sentences and negative imperative sentences.

4. What are positive imperative sentences?

Positive imperative sentences are used to give direct commands or instructions.

5. How are negative imperative sentences formed?

Negative imperative sentences are formed by adding “jangan” before the verb.

6. Can you provide examples of positive imperative sentences?

Sure! Some examples of positive imperative sentences are: “Makanlah!” (Eat!) and “Bersihkan kamarmu!” (Clean your room!)

7. What does the adverb do in an imperative sentence?

The adverb provides additional information about the action or manner of performing it.

8. How do negative imperative sentences express prohibition?

Negative imperative sentences express prohibition by using the word “dilarang” (forbidden) before the verb.

9. Are strong commands a type of negative imperative sentence?

Yes, strong commands are a form of negative imperative sentences that emphasize urgency or importance.

10. Where can I learn more about Indonesian grammar and sentence types?

Feel free to check out our other articles on Indonesian grammar and sentence structures to deepen your understanding of the language.


Congratulations! You have now familiarized yourself with the definition, characteristics, and types of imperative sentences in the Indonesian language. Understanding the intricacies of imperative sentences will enhance your language skills and enable you to communicate more effectively. We hope this comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable insights and knowledge.

If you’re eager to learn more about Indonesian grammar, vocabulary, or language learning tips, be sure to explore our other articles and resources. Happy learning!

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