Understanding Prepositions: Definisi, Daftar, dan Contoh Kalimatnya


Welcome to our comprehensive guide on prepositions! If you’ve ever wondered what prepositions are, how they are defined, and how they are used in sentences, then you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will explore the concept of prepositions in the Indonesian language, providing a detailed list of examples and sentence structures. So, let’s dive in and unravel the mysteries of prepositions together!

Prepositions play a crucial role in grammar and sentence construction. By understanding their usage and applying them correctly, you can greatly improve your Indonesian language skills. Whether you are a native speaker or a language learner, this article will serve as a valuable resource that covers the definisi, daftar, dan contoh kalimatnya (definition, list, and example sentences) of prepositions.

The Basics of Prepositions

What are Prepositions?

Prepositions are words that establish a spatial, temporal, or logical relationship between different elements of a sentence. They are used to indicate location, direction, time, cause, manner, and other related concepts.

In Indonesian, prepositions are commonly used in conjunction with nouns, pronouns, and verb phrases to clarify their relationships within a sentence.

Types of Prepositions

There are various types of prepositions, each serving a unique purpose. Here are some common types:

1. Prepositions of Location: These prepositions describe the position or place of an object or person. Examples include “di” (in), “pada” (on), and “dekat” (near).

2. Prepositions of Time: These prepositions indicate when an action took place or will take place. Examples include “pada” (on/at), “sejak” (since), and “hingga” (until).

Using Prepositions Effectively

Tips for Using Prepositions Accurately

Mastering the usage of prepositions can be challenging, but with practice and attention to detail, you can become proficient. Here are some tips to help you use prepositions accurately:

1. Learn Common Prepositions: Familiarize yourself with the most commonly used prepositions in Indonesian. This will provide a solid foundation for constructing sentences.

2. Pay Attention to Context: The meaning of prepositions can vary depending on the context in which they are used. Consider the overall message of the sentence to determine the appropriate preposition.

Prepositions Definisi Daftar Contoh Kalimatnya Table

Below is a detailed breakdown of prepositions in Indonesian along with their definitions and example sentences:

| Preposition | Definisi                        | Contoh Kalimat                                        |
| di          | di, ke dalam, ke, di atas       | Saya tinggal di Jakarta.                        |
| pada        | di depan, di belakang, di samping| Buku ini terletak pada meja.                    |
| untuk       | bagi, untuk                     | Saya membeli buku untuk adik saya.              |
| sejak       | semenjak, daripada              | Kami sudah bersahabat sejak kecil.              |
| hingga      | sampai, sampai batas            | Kami akan bermain hingga senja.                 |

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Apa itu preposisi?

A: Preposisi adalah kata yang digunakan untuk menetapkan hubungan spasial, temporal, atau logis antara elemen-elemen dalam sebuah kalimat. Mereka digunakan untuk mengindikasikan lokasi, arah, waktu, penyebab, cara, dan konsep terkait lainnya.

Q: Berapa jenis preposisi yang ada dalam bahasa Indonesia?

A: Ada berbagai jenis preposisi dalam bahasa Indonesia, masing-masing dengan tujuan yang unik. Beberapa jenis preposisi umum termasuk preposisi lokasi dan preposisi waktu.

Q: Bagaimana cara menggunakan preposisi dengan benar?

A: Menggunakan preposisi dengan benar membutuhkan latihan dan perhatian terhadap detail. Penting untuk mempelajari preposisi yang umum digunakan dan memperhatikan konteks kalimat untuk menentukan preposisi yang tepat.


Congratulations! You now have a solid understanding of prepositions in the Indonesian language. By mastering the definisi, daftar, dan contoh kalimatnya of prepositions, you can enhance your overall language skills. Practice using prepositions in various contexts and continue exploring other aspects of Indonesian grammar. Be sure to check out our other articles on language learning for more valuable insights. Selamat belajar!

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